2023-09-12, 17:15–17:20 (Asia/Tokyo), Atrium (Posters)
The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake caused extensive damage from the tsunami disaster, mainly in coastal areas, in addition to the collapse of buildings caused by the earthquake. Ten years have passed since the earthquake, and reconstruction of the affected cities are underway. However, reconstruction plans hastily formulated after the earthquake have resulted in a mismatch between residential and industrial areas, and in many cities, plans that have erased the history and culture of the city.
The Nankai Trough earthquake, which has a 70% probability of occurring within the next 30 years, is predicted to cause tsunami disaster of the same 2011 over the wide area from Shikoku to nearly Aichi Pref. However, many municipalities including Anan City, the subject of this study, have postponed to promote Pre-disaster Recovery Planning (PRP), which could lead to 2011.
This study hypothesizes that the reason for the lack of PRP is the lack of an "engineering education approach”. The authors considered that the present PRP has only provided fear of tsunamis and has not provided technological solutions such as architecture, civil engineering, and urban planning. Therefore, in the Tachibana district of Anan City, where the risk of tsunami disaster is extremely high, this study proposes new PRP to relocate residential and industrial areas currently located in the coastal area to inland areas and turn the coastal area into a coastal park. This plan is intended to increase tsunami safety and maintain industrial and cultural sustainability.
This paper describes the effectiveness and challenges of the engineering education approach by presenting the proposed plan to residents of the Tachibana area, including elementary school students, interviewing them, and organizing them through qualitative research methods.
Although 70% probability of the Nankai Trough earthquake is predicted to occur within the next 30 years, many municipalities have postponed preparations for reconstruction.
This study hypothesizes that the reason for the lack of Pre-disaster Recovery Planning (PRP) is the lack of an "engineering education approach”. This study proposes architectural, civil engineering, and urban planning that enhances tsunami safety and maintains industrial and cultural sustainability. This PRP is presented to residents, including elementary school students, and interviews are conducted. By organizing the results using qualitative research methods, the effectiveness of the engineering education approach and its challenges will be clarified.
pre-disaster recovery planning, tsunami disaster, Nankai Trough Earthquake, disaster prevention education, city planning models, action research, integration of social and national sciences
I am a 5th year student studying architecture and civil engineering at the National Anan Institute of Technology. I would like to make a presentation on the subject of pre-disaster recovery planning in my hometown. Please do not hesitate to contact me.